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Types of rights

Our rights and the rights of others is often the topics of discussion.  Whether we are speaking about how other people have violated our rights or that certain rights should be given more protection.

What is a right?

Four types of rights

Here, A and B are persons and X is a situation.

  • Claim-rights - A has a claim-right against B with regard to X just in case B has a duty to A to bring about X.
    Example: B borrowed $100 from A. So A has a claim right against B that B returned $100 to A.
  • Privileges (liberties) - A has a privilege against B to X just in case B has no claim right against A not to X.
    Example: If A the right (against the Japanese Government) to stay in Japan, then this is a privilege. It means that the Japanese Government has no claim-right against A that he leaves the country. Or in other words, A has no duty to the Japanese Government that he leaves Japan.
  • Powers (authority rights) - A has a power over B with respect to X just in case he can change B's rights with regard to X.
    Example: The librarian has the power over a student with regard to the use of the library. Normally a student has the right to use the library. But if a student is noisy then the libarian has the power to take away that right and stop the student from using the library.
  • Immunities - A has an immunity against B with respect to X just in case B has no power over A's rights with respect to X.
    Example: Diplomats are supposed to have diplomatic immunity. If they have committed a crime in their host country, they are immune against arrests and legal prosecution. In other words, the police would have no power over them. (They can still be expelled though.).

For more information of types of rights check out these sites.

What are My Rights? What are My Responsibilities?

16.06.2014 0 510
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16.06.2014 (1376 days ago)
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